Hong Kong Parallel Text was produced by Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) catalog number LDC2004T08 and ISBN 1-58563-290-2.
To support the research and development of automatic machine translation systems, LDC was sponsored to create English-Chinese parallel text collected from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
Hong Kong Parallel Text contains data of three sub-corpora, namely Hong Kong Hansards, Hong Kong Laws and Hong Kong News. Hong Kong Hansards contains the excerpts from the Official Record of Proceedings of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR. Hong Kong Laws contains law codes acquired from the Department of Justice of the HKSAR. Hong Kong News contains press releases from the Information Services Department of the HKSAR.
Three similar corpora, Hong Kong Hansards Parallel Text, Hong Kong Laws Parallel Text and Hong Kong News Parallel Text were published in 2000. The 2000 versions of Hong Kong Hansards Parallel Text and Hong Kong News Parallel Text are aligned at document level, while the 2004 versions are aligned at sentence level. The 2000 and 2004 versions of Hong Kong News Parallel Text are aligned using different sentence alignment algorithms as a result, the 2004 version has better sentence alignment and it also has slightly more data than the 2000 version.
Hong Kong Hansards
Hong Kong Hansards contains excerpts from the Official Record of Proceedings (hansards) of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR from October 1985 to April 2003. The LDC downloaded the hansards, which were in pdf format, from the official website of HKSAR. A total of 1,428 files (714 in Chinese, 714 in English) were downloaded. One to one correspondence between the English hansards and the Chinese hansards was indicated by the file names. The LDC converted the pdf files into plain text files using automatic conversion software and segmented the files at sentence boundaries. Efforts were made to remove tables from all files.
Hong Kong Laws
Hong Kong Laws contains statute laws of Hong Kong, downloaded from the Bilingual Laws Information System (BLIS, http://www.justice.gov.hk/), a searchable electronic database of the statute laws of Hong Kong, established and updated by the Department of Justice of the HKSAR, in 2000.
The original BLIS database contains statute laws of Hong Kong in English and Chinese, constitutional instruments, national laws and other relevant instruments, collections of terms and expressions used in the laws of Hong Kong and subject indices of Ordinances. This corpus contains only statute laws of Hong Kong in English and Chinese, constitutional instruments, national laws and other relevant instruments published up to year 2000.
The original files were in html format, and document level alignment was indicated by file names. The LDC converted the html files into plain text files using an automatic conversion software, and segmented the files at sentence boundaries. Efforts were made to remove tables from all files.
Hong Kong News
Hong Kong News contains press releases from July 1997 to October 2003 from the government of HKSAR. The HKSAR publishes press releases in both Chinese and English on a daily basis. Most press releases are available in both languages, some were translated from English to Chinese, some were translated from Chinese to English.
The original files were in html format. The LDC converted the html files into plain text files using automatic conversion software. Efforts were made to remove tables from all files. The original files do not indicate document level alignment in any way. The document level alignment was done at the LDC, using an automatic document aligner. The document-aligned files were then segmented at sentence boundaries.
Sentence alignment was performed on all data using champollion, a parallel text sentence alignment software developed at the LDC. Please see http://champollion.sourceforge.net for more information about champollion.
Final Data Format and Validation
For the Chinese data, there are approximately 49M-words, while for the English translation, there are approximately 59M-words in total, and 466K unique words.
The following table shows the number of documents, paragraphs, segments, words and characters for each source.
|Source ||#Documents ||#Paragraphs (English/Chinese) ||#Segments (English/Chinese) ||#English Words ||#Chinese Characters |
|Hong Kong Hansards ||714 ||642,008/632,173 ||1,688,278/1,414,573 ||36,140,737 ||56,618,181 |
|Hong Kong Laws ||42,255 ||423,192/462,283 ||451,884/491,719 ||8,396,243 ||14,868,621 |
|Hong Kong News ||44,621 ||605,183/603,118 ||811,638/775,019 ||14,798,671 ||26,677,514 |
|Total ||87,590 ||1,670,383/1,697,574 ||2,951,800/2,681,311 ||59,335,651 ||98,164,316 |
There are no updates available at this time.
Copying and Distribution
Permission is granted to the Linguistic Data Consortium to make and distribute copies of the laws, press releases and news of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region provided this copyright notice and permission notices are distributed with all copies.
Permission has been given to the Linguistic Data Consortium to reproduce the laws, press releases, and/or news articles from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government website for research, education, and technology development.
Portions © 1985-2003 The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, © 2004 Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania
The Reduced Licensing Fee for this corpus is US$200.