for Speech in Noisy Environments (SPINE) Training Corpora
This publication contains the Speech in Noisy Environments (SPINE) Training Transcripts, created for the Department of Defense (DoD) Digital Voice Processing Consortium (DDVPC) by Arcon Corp., and produced by the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) catalog number LDC2000T49 and isbn 1-58563-174-4. A companion corpus, Speech in Noisy Environments (SPINE) Training Audio, was also produced by the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) catalog number LDC2000S87, isbn 1-58563-173-6. These corpora support the 2000 Speech in Noisy Environments evaluation.
The 2000 Speech in Noisy Environments Evaluation (SPINE1) is a first attempt to assess the state of the art and practice in speech recognition technology in noisy military environments and to exchange information on innovative speech recognition technology in the context of fully implemented systems that perform realistic tasks. It is intended to be of interest to all university, industrial and commercial speech system developers working on the problem of robust speech recognition. The evaluation gives participants the opportunity to participate in a flexible evaluation, suited to development needs and abilities.
The SPINE1 evaluation focuses on the task of transcribing speech produced in noisy environments with the emphasis on noisy military environments. The evaluation is designed to promote research progress in this area, to provide the opportunity for participants to try out new ideas for developing robust speech recognition systems that are of both scientific and practical interest, and to measure the performance of this technology.
The evaluation task is to transcribe speech produced in noisy environments. The training and test speech data to be used for this evaluation were generated by ARCON Corp. for the DoD Digital Voice Processing Consortium (DDVPC) under controlled conditions. The speech data consists of conversations between two communicators working on a collaborative, Battleship-like task in which they seek and shoot at targets (ARCON Communicability Exercise, ACE). Participants may talk freely, but the total vocabulary used is fairly limited. Each person is seated in a sound chamber in which a previously recorded military background noise environment is accurately reproduced. The participants use handsets and transmission channels that are resident to the particular environment. The training data includes 10 of 20 available talker pairs with fourteen five-minute conversations per talker pair (about 720 minutes total) available, which include four scenarios described below.
The speech data is viewed as a sequence of "turns," where each turn is the period of time when one speaker is speaking. By its nature, the task induces short utterances with relatively long periods of silence intervening. There may be multiple speaker turns for each speaker, i.e. each successive turn may not result in a reversal of speaking and listening roles for the conversation participants. The transcription task is to produce the correct transcription for each of the specified turns.
Please see file.tbl for the directory structure of this publication, as well as a complete list of files.
The audio files in this corpus are 2-channel, 16 KHz, 16 bit linear SPHERE files.
The file train_list.tbl has file information in six tab separated columns as follows:
File Pair Spkr 1 Spkr 2 Scen Vocoder ---- ---- ------ ------ ---- ------- p02_dd_04 pair02 1266=A 1884=B DoD Cdr E p02_dd_09 pair02 1266=A 1884=B DoD CELP p02_dd_10 pair02 1266=A 1884=B DoD mnru 07 p02_dd_16 pair02 1266=B 1884=A DoD Cdr E
"File" contains the filename, without the .sph or .typ extension that indicate Sphere audio files and transcripts respectively. "Pair" contains the speaker pair number, while "Spkr 1" and "Spkr 2" contain the individual speaker id's and which environment they were in. Scenarios and Environments are described below. "Scen" contains the scenario, and "Vocoder" contains the vocoder type. The file name contains information which is either redundant or irrelevant; in the publication of the evaluation data, this column will contain totally arbitrary filenames.
There are ten speaker pairs in the training set, numbers 2-4, 6-11, and 22. The individual speaker ID's can be used to look up speaker information in speaker.tbl which has six tab separated columns, e.g.:
Pair Speaker Age Sex Educ Dialect Native ---- ------- --- --- ---- ------- ------ 02 1266 34 M 16 New England Y 02 1884 28 M 16 New England Y 03 9693 32 F 12 New England Y 03 2788 30 F New England Y
"Pair" contains the pair number, and "Speaker" contains the individual speaker ID. "Age" contains the age, calculated as of 9/1/1995; the recordings were made in the fall of 1995. "Sex" contains the sex, "Educ" contains the years of education, "Dialect" contains the region or dialect, and "Native" indicates whether or not the speaker is a native speaker of English. The information is self-reported; gaps indicate information that was not given.
The following table shows the channel, the two noise environments, and the two handsets used in the recordings for each scenario.
Name Environment A Handset A Environment B Handset B Channel ---- ------------- --------- ------------- --------- ------- DOD Quiet STU-III Office STU-III POTS/STU-III Navy Aircraft Carrier CIC TA840 Office STU-III HF Army HMMWV H250 Quiet STU-III Satellite Delay Air Force E3A AWACS R215 MCE EV M87 JTIDS
The combination of environment and scenario can be used to determine the noises, handsets, and channels involved in the recording from the environment table.
NOTE: After the initial creation of this corpus had been sent to
evaluation participants, it was discovered that six of the one hundred
forty files had been replaced by files that did not match the intended
combinations of noises, vocoders, and speaker pairs. The six files
p02_nv_09 p03_nv_20 p04_nv_13 p08_nv_03 p08_nv_15 p22_nv_13These files are technically equivalent to the other one hundred thirty-four files, however, they do not conform to the original selection profile.
Should any additional information, updates, or bug fixes become available, they will appear in the LDC catalog entry for this corpus: LDC2000T49.
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