N4 NATO Native and Non-Native Speech
|Item Name:||N4 NATO Native and Non-Native Speech|
|Author(s):||John Grieco, Laurent Benarousse, Edouard Geoffrois, Robert Series, Herman Steeneken, Hans Stumpf, Carl Swail, Dieter Thiel|
|LDC Catalog No.:||LDC2006S13|
|Release Date:||April 17, 2006|
|Data Source(s):||microphone speech|
|Application(s):||cross-lingual information retrieval, sociolinguistics, speaker verification, speech recognition|
|Language(s):||Dutch, English, German|
|Language ID(s):||nld, eng, deu|
LDC User Agreement for Non-Members
N4 NATO Native and Non-Native Speech Agreement
|Online Documentation:||LDC2006S13 Documents|
|Licensing Instructions:||Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members|
|Citation:||Grieco, John, et al. N4 NATO Native and Non-Native Speech LDC2006S13. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2006.|
N4 NATO Native and Non-Native Speech was developed by the NATO research group on Speech and Language Technology and contains approximately 9.5 hours of recorded multilingual speech and associated transcripts. The corpus was created to provide a military-oriented database for multilingual and non-native speech processing studies.
Speech technology is covering an increasing number of languages, and systems are becoming more robust with regard to speech variability such as speaking style and accents. However, for real applications, especially in a multilingual and multinational context, further robustness to regional and even non-native accents is necessary. Among the numerous corpora available for speech research, few have specifically addressed this issue.
The NATO Speech and Language Technology group decided to create a corpus geared towards the study of non-native accents. The group chose naval communications as the common task because it naturally includes a great deal of non-native speech and because there were training facilities where data could be collected in several countries.
The database was collected in four countries (Germany, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Canada) during naval communication training sessions in 2000-2002. For each country, the main part of the recordings consists of a NATO Naval procedure in English where the typical sentence sounds like "This is alpha, whiskey, roger. I make two seven zero six hostile, two seven zero six. Out." In addition each speaker read a text, "The North Wind and the Sun," in English and his or her native language.
The audio material was recorded on DAT and downsampled to 16 kHz, 16 bit. All the audio files have been manually transcribed and annotated with speakers' identities using the tool Transcriber. Navy procedure recordings and text readings have been stored in different files. The first digit in the filename indicates the type of speech
Among speech segments, the duration of Navy procedure recordings range from 1.3 to 2.3 hours for a total of 7.5 hours. The duration of the native language text readings range from 1.5 to 22.9 minutes for a total of approximately one hour.
The database contains the following information about each speaker: gender, age, weight, length, possible speaking or hearing disorders, education level, living area, accent, second language, the year English was learned (for non-native speakers). The speaker accents vary widely from country to country. The speakers' average age was 22.6 years. Nineteen women participated, accounting for 18% of the study participants. There were a total of 115 speakers.
None at this time.