Syllable-Final /s/ Lenition

Item Name: Syllable-Final /s/ Lenition
Author(s): Michelle A. Fox
LDC Catalog No.: LDC2001T60
ISBN: 1-58563-196-5
ISLRN: 273-316-343-136-7
Member Year(s): 2001
DCMI Type(s): Text
Data Source(s): telephone conversations
Project(s): Hub5-LVCSR
Application(s): speech recognition
Language(s): Spanish
Language ID(s): spa
License(s): LDC User Agreement for Non-Members
Online Documentation: LDC2001T60 Documents
Licensing Instructions: Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members
Citation: Fox, Michelle A.. Syllable-Final /s/ Lenition LDC2001T60. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2001.
Related Works: View


This publication represents a study of lenition of syllable-final // in Latin American Spanish produced by the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC). The data used in this study came from three other LDC corpora, the CALLHOME Spanish Speech corpus, the CALLHOME Spanish Transcripts, and the CALLHOME Spanish Lexicon. It is a well-known fact that syllable-final /s/ is subject to lenition in many Latin American Spanish dialects. Lenition of -/s/ is a variable phonological process in which an -/s /may be aspirated (pronounced [h]) or deleted altogether. Lenition of -/s/ has been widely studied by sociolinguists, who have identified various linguistic and extralinguistic factors that favor the process. Since syllable-final /s /is frequent in Spanish, lenition has a great effect on overall pronunciation.


Please see file.tbl for the directory structure of this publication, as well as a complete list of files. The primary data file consists of data stored in the following fields:

  • Token id
  • Code
  • Confidence level
  • Speaker id
  • Header of the line in the transcript
  • Words from the transcript
  • Location of word in the speakers turn
  • Location of /s/ in the word
  • Preceding segment
  • Following segment
  • Word stress pattern
  • Following word stress pattern
  • Word start time
  • Word end time
  • Length of pause following word
  • Coder
  • Speakers dialect
  • Speakers sex
  • Speakers age
  • Corrected following word
  • Comment
  • Morphological information

There are on the order of 3,000 - 4,000 missing occurences of syllable-final /s/ encodings. These omissions occur for two main reasons: changes in the transcriptions after the list of all of the syllable-final /s/ were generated, and the failure of some transcript lines to be automatically aligned.

For a more detailed description of this publication see the researchers description in HTML or Microsoft Word format.

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