Item Name: SAID
Author(s): Koenraad Kuiper, Heather McCann, Heidi Quinn, Therese Aitchison, Kees van der Veer
LDC Catalog No.: LDC2003T10
ISBN: 1-58563-268-6
ISLRN: 567-782-098-693-0
Release Date: June 26, 2003
Member Year(s): 2003
DCMI Type(s): Text
Data Source(s): dictionaries
Application(s): machine translation, parsing
Language(s): English
Language ID(s): eng
License(s): LDC User Agreement for Non-Members
Online Documentation: LDC2003T10 Documents
Licensing Instructions: Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members
Citation: Kuiper, Koenraad, et al. SAID LDC2003T10. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2003.


SAID (A Syntactically Annotated Idiom Dataset) was produced by Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) catalog number LDC2003T10 and ISBN 1-58563-268-6.

The purpose if this corpus is to provide data for investigating the structural configurations in which English idioms are typically found. The assumption was that, since idioms are phrasal lexical items (PLIs), they would therefore have structural properties which are idiosyncratic. In order to study the structural properties of phrasal lexical items, the data is more useful if it is syntactically annotated.


The data was originally drawn from four dictionaries of English idioms.

Only citation forms, suitably adapted for this purpose, were used. The citation files were amalgamated. The rationale for the selection was that these are among the biggest and most comprehensive lists of English idioms.

There are 13,467 phrasal lexical items in this corpus.

The analysis of the phrasal lexical items was manual, while the bracketting symmetry was checked computationally.

In order to facilitate machine manipulation of the annotated data, the manual analysis was converted to PROLOG format. This involved expansions of those PLIs which had optional constituents so that both the case with and the case without the options were made available.

The files are provided in text format, which each record separated by a carriage return.


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