Hong Kong Parallel Text

Item Name: Hong Kong Parallel Text
Author(s): Xiaoyi Ma
LDC Catalog No.: LDC2004T08
ISBN: 1-58563-290-2
ISLRN: 619-530-254-208-2
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35111/byvg-fv73
Release Date: September 01, 2004
Member Year(s): 2004
DCMI Type(s): Text
Data Source(s): government documents
Project(s): GALE, TIDES
Application(s): cross-lingual information retrieval, language teaching, machine translation
Language(s): English, Chinese
Language ID(s): eng, zho
Online Documentation: LDC2004T08 Documents
Licensing Instructions: Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members
Citation: Ma, Xiaoyi. Hong Kong Parallel Text LDC2004T08. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2004.
Related Works: View


Hong Kong Parallel Text was developed by the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) and contains approximately 49 million words of Chinese text and 59 million words of English translation aligned at the sentence level.

The data comes from three sub-corpora, namely Hong Kong Hansards Parallel Text (LDC2000T50)Hong Kong Laws Parallel Text (LDC2000T47) and Hong Kong News Parallel Text (LDC2000T46).

The original corpora were published in 2000. The 2000 versions of Hong Kong Hansards Parallel Text and Hong Kong News Parallel Text are aligned at the document level, while the 2004 versions are aligned at the sentence level. The 2000 and 2004 versions of Hong Kong News Parallel Text were aligned using different sentence alignment algorithms. As a result, the 2004 version has better sentence alignment and also has slightly more data than the 2000 version. Chinese text is presented in the traditional script and encoded as BIG5.


Hong Kong Hansards

Hong Kong Hansards contains excerpts from the Official Record of Proceedings (hansards) of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR from October 1985 to April 2003. LDC downloaded the hansards in Chinese and English from the official website of HKSAR.

Hong Kong Laws

Hong Kong Laws contains statute laws of Hong Kong, downloaded from the Bilingual Laws Information System (BLIS), a searchable electronic database of the statute laws of Hong Kong, established and updated by the Department of Justice of the HKSAR, in 2000.

The original BLIS database contains statute laws of Hong Kong in English and Chinese, constitutional instruments, national laws and other relevant instruments, collections of terms and expressions used in the laws of Hong Kong and subject indices of Ordinances. This corpus contains only statute laws of Hong Kong in English and Chinese, constitutional instruments, national laws, and other relevant instruments published up to year 2000.

Hong Kong News

Hong Kong News contains press releases from July 1997 to October 2003 from the government of HKSAR. The HKSAR publishes press releases in both Chinese and English on a daily basis. Most press releases are available in both languages, some were translated from English to Chinese, some were translated from Chinese to English.

Final Data Format and Validation

The original hansards files were in PDF format, and the laws and news files were in HTML format. Using automatic conversion and alignment software, LDC converted all files to plain text and aligned at sentence level. Sentence alignment was performed on all data using Champollion, a parallel text sentence alignment tool developed at LDC. See http://champollion.sourceforge.net for more information about Champollion.

For the English translation, there are approximately 466K unique words.

The following table shows the number of documents, paragraphs, segments, words, and characters for each source:

Source Documents Paragraphs (English) Paragraphs (Chinese) Segments (English) Segments (Chinese) English Words Chinese Characters
Hong Kong Hansards 714 642,008 632,173 1,688,278 1,414,573 36,140,737 56,618,181
Hong Kong Laws 42,255 423,192 462,283 451,884 491,719 8,396,243 14,868,621
Hong Kong News 44,621 605,183 603,118 811,638 775,019 14,798,671 26,677,514
Total 87,590 1,670,383 1,697,574 2,951,800 2,681,311 59,335,651 98,164,316



Please view the following samples


There are no updates available at this time.

Copying and Distribution

Permission is granted to the Linguistic Data Consortium to make and distribute copies of the laws, press releases and news of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region provided this copyright notice and permission notices are distributed with all copies.

Permission has been given to the Linguistic Data Consortium to reproduce the laws, press releases, and/or news articles from the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government website for research, education, and technology development.

Additional Licensing Instructions

This 'members-only' corpora is available to current members who can request the data at the listed reduced-license fee. Contact ldc@ldc.upenn.edu for information about becoming a member.

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