GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 3

Item Name: GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 3
Author(s): Xiaoyi Ma, Stephanie Strassel
LDC Catalog No.: LDC2008T18
ISBN: 1-58563-489-1
ISLRN: 579-080-587-850-3
Release Date: September 15, 2008
Member Year(s): 2008
DCMI Type(s): Text
Data Source(s): transcribed speech, broadcast news
Project(s): GALE
Application(s): machine translation
Language(s): English, Mandarin Chinese
Language ID(s): eng, cmn
License(s): LDC User Agreement for Non-Members
Online Documentation: LDC2008T18 Documents
Licensing Instructions: Subscription & Standard Members, and Non-Members
Citation: Ma, Xiaoyi, and Stephanie Strassel. GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 3 LDC2008T18. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2008.
Related Works: View


GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 3 contains transcripts and English translations of 19.1 hours of Chinese broadcast news programming from Voice of America (VOA), China Central TV (CCTV) and Phoenix TV. GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 3 is the last of the three-part GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text, which, along with other corpora, was used as training data in year 1 (Phase 1) of the DARPA-funded GALE program. LDC has previously released GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 1 and GALE Phase 1 Chinese Broadcast News Parallel Text - Part 2.

Source Data

A total of 19.1 hours of Chinese broadcast news recordings were selected from three sources: VOA, CCTV (a broadcaster from Mainland China) and Phoenix TV (a Hong Kong-based satellite TV station). The transcripts and translations represent recordings of five different programs.

A manual selection procedure was used to choose data appropriate for the GALE program, namely, news programs focusing on current events. Stories on topics such as sports, entertainment and business were excluded from the data set. The following table is a summary of the files included in this release.

Source Program Epoch (YYYY.MM) #hours #characters
VOA VOA Mandarin 1997.05.20 and 1997.06.18 2.0 25,051
CCTV CCTV4 Daily News 2005.11-2006.01 4.8 57,376
CCTV4 News3 2005.05-2006.01 2.6 33,361
Phoenix TV Global Report 2005.10-2005.12 5.9 61,339
Good Morning China 2005.12-2006.01 3.8 48,976


The VOA files are named mv970520c.tdf and mv970618a.tdf. The corresponding speech recordings for the VOA data can be found in 1997 Mandarin Broadcast News Speech (HUB4-NE), LDC98S73.


The selected audio snippets were carefully transcribed by LDC annotators and professional transcription agencies following LDC's Quick Rich Transcription specification. Manual sentence units/segments (SU) annotation was also performed as part of the transcription task. Three types of end of sentence SU are identified: (1) statement SU, (2) question SU and (3) incomplete SU.


After transcription and SU annotation, files were reformatted into a human-readable translation format and assigned to professional translators for careful translation. Translators followed LDC's GALE Translation guidelines, which describe the makeup of the translation team, the source data format, the translation data format, best practices for translating certain linguistic features (such as names and speech disfluencies) and quality control procedures applied to completed translations.

TDF Format

All final data are in Tab Delimited Format (TDF). TDF is compatible with other transcription formats, such as the Transcriber format and AG format, and it is easy to process.

Each line of a TDF file corresponds to a speech segment and contains 13 tab delimited fields: field data_type; file; channel int; start float; end float; speaker; speakerType; speakerDialect; transcript; section int; turn int; segment int; sectionType; and suType.

A source TDF file and its translation are the same except that the transcript in the source TDF is replaced by its English translation.


This work was supported in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, GALE Program Grant No. HR0011-06-1-0003. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred.


For an example of the data in this corpus, please examine these sample source and translation files.

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